Back Next
 
  General Background Information

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) jointly implement a National Cleaner Production Programme (NCPP) in Albania as part of their global joint programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP). This programme is operational in over 46 developing and transition countries including several in the Balkan and bordering region (e.g. Serbia, Macedonia, Hungary, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria) (www.unido.org/cp). In these countries capacity has been developed to foster the development and implementation of RECP methods, practices, technologies and policies, through such activities as information dissemination, professional training, plant level assessments and demonstration projects, policy advice and support for transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs), including investments.

UNIDO and UNEP have defined:
Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) continuously applies preventive environmental strategies to processes, products and services. This increases efficiency and reduces risks to humans and the environment. RECP recognizes similar types of preventive measures are needed to advance the three sustainability dimensions:
Production Efficiency: optimisation of productive use of natural resources (materials, energy and water);
Environmental management: minimisation of impacts on environment and nature; and UNIDO UNEP National Cleaner Production Programme (NCPP) Albania
Human Development: minimisation of risks to people and communities and support for their development

The Albania National Cleaner Production Programme (NCPP) is implemented as part of the ONE UN Programme for Albania (www.un.org.al). It supports the achievement of result 5.1.2 (Legal and regulatory mechanics and financial incentives in place to reduce environmental degradation and promote energy efficiency and sustainable natural resource utilization). The NCPP will be presented the 30th of March 2010, and is foreseen to operate for three years.
Both the global RECP Programme and the NCPP in Albania are concerned with improving resource productivity and environmental performance of businesses and other organizations. The NCPP in Albania has a sectoral focus on hotel and tourism sector, agro- and food processing industry, and mining and metallurgical industries. It is expected that the NCPP will to the extent feasible benefit businesses and organizations in these sectors in key regions around the country.
The NCPP is implemented under the guidance of the NCPP Steering Committee, with membership of national government counterparts, respectively Council of Ministers (Department of Donor Coordination) and line ministries (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Energy (METE) and Ministry of Environment, Forests and Water Administration(MOFWA)) and from the implementing UN agencies, respectively UN Resident Coordinator, UNIDO and UNEP. Further participation of the business sector is also foreseen.
Furthermore, a pool of national experts will be established who will be trained under the NCPP in RECP service delivery, and subsequently utilised by the NCPP for short term assignments. These organizational arrangements are illustrated in Figure 1 below.

Aims of the Project

The overall objective for the Albania NCPP is to contribute to sustainable industrial development and sustainable consumption and production in Albania. This will be achieved through the widespread implementation of RECP concepts, methods, techniques and policies by businesses and other organizations, governments at all levels, and providers of business services, including advisory and financial services. Achievements towards the NCPP objective are reflected in improvements in two target conditions, respectively reductions in the pollution and waste intensity of businesses and other organizations and increases in the productivity of resource use by businesses and other organizations. Collectively, these target conditions have several benefits. These include both primarily, or direct, benefits, in particular slowing down of environmental degradation and productivity gains, and secondarily, or consequential, in particular improvements in competitiveness and market access and addressing consumer needs for environmentally sound goods and services.

Three outcomes have been established for the Albania NCPP, respectively:

1. Competent network of Albanian experts who deliver value-adding RECP services to Albanian enterprises and other organizations, in particular in the priority industry sectors;
2. Implementation of RECP concepts, methods and techniques by Albanian businesses with verified environment, resource use and economic benefits; and
3. Mechanisms for mainstreaming concepts and policy instruments for RECP in relevant Albanian policies and regulations have been created.

The NCPP is jointly implemented by UNIDO (through its Cleaner and Sustainable Production Unit, based in Vienna) and UNEP (through its Business and Industry Unit, based in Paris). UNIDO is primarily responsible for outcomes 1 and 2, while UNEP holds in parallel the prime responsibility for outcome 3.
The Albanian Experts will be lead auditors/associate auditors for completion of full CP assessments in the nominated demonstration companies, including delivery of in house CP training, guiding and supporting companies CP team, contributing to data analysis for materials and energy balance, generation and evaluation of CP opportunities including feasibility analysis and reporting.
Also the experts are expected to make an active contribution to the promotion of CP and NCPP in Albania, in particular by sharing results and experiences and contributing to drafting of overall conclusions and recommendations on CP opportunities for Albanian industries