Back Next
 
  Task 1: Development of an Integrated Urban Traffic Concept
ECAT Tirana oversaw the preparation of the Integrated Strategy for a Sustainable Traffic Development in Tirana. The document represents a cornerstone merging the results of numerous activities that have taken place over a span of 3 years. The proposed strategy is structured around four components:
(i)integrated urban transport planning and demand management,
(ii)stringent emission standards for new and in-use vehicles,
(iii)introduction of clean fuel
(iv)proper inspection and maintenance of all vehicles.
The study analyzed the current traffic volumes and developed forecasts for 2014 and 2021, using the same computer model and data employed in the 2002 World Bank “Tirana Urban Transport Improvement Study (TUTIS).” Data on population, car ownership and economic activities were updated and traffic counts at key intersections were taken. Traffic forecast showed that road traffic in Tirana will double by 2014 and triple by 2021.
Short-term activities and a clear strategy in the long term were developed. The latter envisaged a road oriented strategy and a public transport oriented strategy. The comparison of the expected traffic flows on the Tirana road system, social costs from air pollution caused by this traffic and the necessary investment costs clearly showed the advantage of public transport oriented strategy over the road oriented strategy.
Based on the results of the traffic forecasts, two different scenarios were developed.
(A)The first scenario is a road traffic oriented strategy giving priority to the needs of the fast growing road traffic. Major improvements and extensions of the road infrastructure are necessary under this strategy.
(B)The second scenario proposes a public transport oriented strategy. The key element of this strategy is the creation of a high capacity Bus Rapid Transit system. This new public transport system will change the modal split so that less roads must be build. The economical and ecological consequences of both strategies are analyzed and recommendations for the Tirana transport planning developed.
The document made a number of recommendations with respect to emission standards for new and in-use vehicles, Introduction of clean fuel, and vehicle inspection and maintenance.
The handbook on Inspection, Maintenance and roadworthiness of vehicles was prepared.

Task 2: Contributing to monitoring of Traffic Related Air Pollution in Tirana
Preliminary results of the air quality monitoring conducted by the new equipment installed early in 2007 confirm that air pollution levels are very high in Tirana, markedly exceeding the highest “Interim Target” level defined by WHO Air Quality Guideline for PM10 as well as air quality standards applicable in European Union countries.
Synergies between various projects with a strong focus on air pollution monitoring and environmental legislation and planning and the extent to which they can contribute to the establishment of air quality monitoring in Tirana were evaluated to avoid any overlaps between projects.
A protocol for modelling the spatial distribution of NO2 in Tirana was developed. The aim of this particular project is to undertake a spatial assessment of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) within Tirana, Albania, as a basis for air quality management and to provide tools to be used to assess the public health burden from air pollution and the potential benefits of action to reduce exposures.
ECAT Tirana is focused on a number of activities to characterize the relationship between air quality and traffic.
(i)Measurement of traffic intensity at the locations where the mobile stations will be deployed
(ii)Survey of travel distances in Tirana
(iii)Monitoring of NO2 concentrations with diffusion tubes deployed across the city, including three fixed monitoring sites
The latter would allow mapping NO2 spatial distribution and assessment of its link with traffic

Task 3: Organization of training courses for key-staff
Seminars and on-the-job training were primarily addressed to experts of infrastructure, urban planning and transport department of different institutions related to traffic and transport issues. Training focused on urban traffic planning strategies, methodology of transport survey, public transport operations and planning, services analysis capacity, and sectoral policy integration.
A study tour was organized in Karlsruhe, Freiburg, Germany and Strasburg, France in October 2005. The study tour was designed to strengthen the professional capacities of Municipality of Tirana administrators concerned with sustainable infrastructure/traffic planning and improvement of public transport services. A second study tour took place in Mainz, Wiesbaden, Eschborn, Frankfurt, Germany and Paris, France in May 2007 with a focus on the transit system, including the bus rapid transit system.

Task 4: Dissemination of results through an informative campaign to raise the public awareness for traffic related environmental effects
The purpose of the action is to disseminate the results of the project at local, national and international level and increase the public awareness of traffic related environmental and health problems and herewith facilitate the transfer of policy into action in the field of a sustainable urban traffic development in Tirana.
The project has carried out a number of activities designed to increase public awareness of traffic and traffic related air pollution. Activities included drawing competitions involving primary schools children and organization of car free days.